Performing Hajj or Umrah on Behalf of Living Parents
Is it permissible for a Muslim to perform the Hajj or the Umrah on behalf of his parents while they are still alive?
There is some explanation required in this issue:
As for the obligatory Hajj and the obligatory Umrah, then it is not permissible to appoint anyone on their behalf, unless there is something permanent preventing them from performing the Hajj or the Umrah, such as the one who is suffering from a prolonged illness as a result of which he is unable to travel for the Hajj to perform the rites of Hajj, or the one who is elderly and senile
This is based upon the Hadith of the woman who said to the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) that it has become incumbent upon her father to perform the obligatory Hajj , however he is unable to travel, "so should I perform the Hajj on his behalf?" The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said to her:
"Perform the Hajj on behalf of your father" [Transmitted by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidthi]
As for the voluntary Hajj, then the issue is quite open, so there is no harm in him performing the Hajj on his parents behalf, even if they were able to do so themselves, and this is the opinion of a group of scholars.
Sheikh Salih Ibn Fawzan